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2018-03-27

〔東電原子力大災害(フクイチ・メガ核惨事)〕 【超重要】 ◇ 2004年12月26日に発生したスマトラ島沖地震による「インド洋大津波」で、インドの「マドラス原発(Madras Atomic Power Station =MAPS)」の冷却水ポンプが浸水し、原子炉がシャットダウン! / そんな先行事例があったにもかかわらず、東電は洪水対策を怠ったと、米カネーギー報告書が指摘! ◆ IAEA(国際原子力機関)も翌2005年夏、現地で洪水対策の強化を求める国際ワークショップを開催

 当時のIAEAの原子力発電部長は東電出身の尾本彰氏だ。

 東電はマドラスの教訓をなぜ学ばなかったか?

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Screenshot10465

Screenshot10467

Screenshot10468

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  東電が福島第一原発で、非常用発電機の高台移転など、マドラス原発の事例に学び、洪水対策を強化していれば、いまのような惨憺たる被曝汚染カタストロフは回避されていた可能性がある。

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  この「マドラス原発」問題は、対東電裁判の有力な証拠となるものではないか?

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〔★は大沼〕  ◎ カーネギー報告書 : Why Fukushima Was Preventable(フクシマはなぜ防ぐことができたか)
 (2012年3月6日付け) ⇒ 
http://carnegieendowment.org/2012/03/06/why-fukushima-was-preventable/a0i7

 Indeed, even within the last fifteen years, there are a number of other examples of beyond-design-basis earthquakes and floods at nuclear plants. …… The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004, flooded seawater pumps at the Madras Atomic Power Station in India.34

Screenshot10436

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 ◎ IAEA Risks to Nuclear Reactors Scrutinized in Tsunami's Wake
 (2005年8月16日付け)⇒ 
https://www.iaea.org/newscenter/news/risks-nuclear-reactors-scrutinized-tsunamis-wake

 ・ "There are scores of nuclear power plants operating in coastal areas and some of these may need to take a renewed look at this external hazard," IAEA Director of Nuclear Power, Mr. Akira Omoto said. "It is also true for plants presently under construction."

 ・ Specialists from around the world will scrutinize the potential impact of natural disasters on nuclear reactors, at the IAEA organized International Workshop on External Flooding Hazards at Nuclear Power Plant Sites. From 29 August - 2 September 2005 the world´s nuclear community will gather at the Kalpakkam nuclear complex to share latest knowledge and research developments and take home lessons learned, from this tsunami, and past flood events.

 ・ Around 3.5 cubic metres of seawater, sludge and muck entered a construction pit, where the foundations for a new 500 MWe Fast Breeder Reactor were being built. Water also entered a pump house for cooling water, tripping the nuclear power plant to shut down.

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 ◎ 尾本彰氏 ウィキ ⇒ https://ja.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E5%B0%BE%E6%9C%AC%E5%BD%B0

 1972年4月、東京大学工学部原子力工学科卒業。同年5月、東京電力株式会社入社1991年7月、原子力建設部原子力計画課長。2000年3月、東京大学工学博士取得。2000年6月、原子力技術部長兼技術開発本部副本部長。2004年1月、国際原子力機関(IAEA)原子力局原子力発電部長。2009年11月、東京電力顧問。東京大学大学院工学系研究科原子力国際専攻特任教授。2010年1月-2013年3月7日内閣府原子力委員会委員(非常勤)

★ ★ ★

◎ IAEA 報告書 マドラス原発 洪水対策ワークショップ(本文=原文)

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 Scientists are re-examining the potential dangers to nuclear power plants in the wake of the catastrophic earthquake that struck the Indian Ocean last December, triggering a massive tsunami.

  India's Kalpakkam nuclear power plant withstood the giant waves, which engulfed its small township, home to India´s centre for atomic research. Battered but safe, the plant shut down automatically after detectors tripped it as the water level rose. There was no release of radioactivity. The reactor was restarted 1 January 2005, six days after the catastrophic waves struck India´s east coast.

  "There are scores of nuclear power plants operating in coastal areas and some of these may need to take a renewed look at this external hazard," IAEA Director of Nuclear Power, Mr. Akira Omoto said. "It is also true for plants presently under construction." It is common for nuclear power plants to be built in coastal areas, drawing the seawater to cool the reactor.

  Specialists from around the world will scrutinize the potential impact of natural disasters on nuclear reactors, at the IAEA organized International Workshop on External Flooding Hazards at Nuclear Power Plant Sites. From 29 August - 2 September 2005 the world´s nuclear community will gather at the Kalpakkam nuclear complex to share latest knowledge and research developments and take home lessons learned, from this tsunami, and past flood events.

  The IAEA has stringent safety standards designed to guard nuclear power plants against natural calamities like earthquakes, volcanoes, flooding, tsunamis and cyclones. The non-legally binding guidelines cover site and design requirements for nuclear reactors, as well as appropriate monitoring and warning systems.

The IAEA issued the Kalpakkam reactor a clean bill of health in the sunami´s wake, rating the event a "zero" or of "no safety significance" on the International Nuclear Events Scale. Around 3.5 cubic metres of seawater, sludge and muck entered a construction pit, where the foundations for a new 500 MWe Fast Breeder Reactor were being built. Water also entered a pump house for cooling water, tripping the nuclear power plant to shut down.

  Mr. S.N. Ahmad, Executive Director, Corporate Services, Indian Department of Atomic Energy, said natural calamities like Tsunamis were considered when selecting the site and design of nuclear reactors. "Man must live with natural calamities. Wisdom lies in effectively meeting the challenges of such situations and ensuring safety of human life and property. In nuclear power plants the whole spectrum of such natural calamities and highly improbable accident conditions are factored in site selection and design," Mr. Ahmad said.

  Japan, a country were earthquakes and Tsunamis regularly strike, has developed systems to evaluate and protect reactors. It will be among the seventeen countries at the workshop to provide guidance and share its experiences. "Learning from the lessons of this latest Tsunami as well as from other flood events that occurred in the past will allow the review, revision and expansion, as appropriate of the Agency Safety Standards on external flooding hazards," IAEA Director of Nuclear Safety and Nuclear Installation, Mr. Ken Brockman said.

  In particular, recent events highlighted some technical difficulties in the hazard assessment for such

scenarios where combinations of different events may take place, such as tide, storm surge, waves and cyclonic winds.

  Topics on the five-day agenda include case studies on flooding hazards to be presented by countries including France, whose "Le Blayais" reactor was assaulted by severe storms in December 1999. See Story Resources for further details.

Posted by 大沼安史 at 06:42 午後 |

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