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2015-04-23

〔AIIB〕◆ アジアインフラ投資銀行に「日本は参加しなければならない」/ アジア・太平洋全地域へのプロジェクトになるべきもの。日本はAIIBに参加を拒否することで、アジアと太平洋諸国との間に、再び線を引くリスクを冒してはならない。TPPを締結し、AIIBに参加すべきである。 / 船橋洋一氏(元朝日新聞主筆)がニューヨーク・タイムズに寄稿

 ★ 船橋氏は「ルールにもとづくリベラルな世界」を再確認する「TPP」を締結して、AIIB参加を求めている。

 「TPP]への参加は、それほど、すばらしいことなのか?

 「TPP」に参加せず、AIIBに参加するのが、日本の生きる道ではないか?

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〔★は大沼〕◎ Japan Must Join China’s Bank
 (22日)⇒ http://www.nytimes.com/2015/04/23/opinion/japan-must-join-chinas-bank.html?hp&action=click&pgtype=Homepage&module=c-column-top-span-region&region=c-column-top-span-region&WT.nav=c-column-top-span-region

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 ・ Indeed, the A.I.I.B. must be treated as a project that concerns the entire Asia-Pacific region, rather than just Asia. The bank’s decision-making mechanism has yet to be determined, but one proposal is to allocate up to 75 percent of voting shares to “regional members.” That group should not be limited to Asian states to the exclusion of Pacific Ocean nations, as seems to be Beijing’s design. A pan-regional approach is in Japan’s interest, and it can best defend this idea as a member of the A.I.I.B.

 ・ Feeling excluded by Western nations, in the 1930s, Japan embarked on its own version of the Monroe Doctrine, leading to the second Sino-Japanese war and the Pacific war against the Allied Powers. By refusing to join the A.I.I.B., Japan risks once again drawing a line between continental Asia and the Pacific nations.

 ・ Japan is justifiably unsettled by China’s assertiveness in the East and South China Seas, and in response is seeking to strengthen its deterrence capabilities. Yet projects such as the A.I.I.B., which will play a key role in redefining the region’s economic architecture, can be kept separate from territorial disputes and be advanced despite such tensions.

 ・ There are ways of avoiding such a trap, however, including by urgently concluding negotiations for the Trans-Pacific Partnership, the American-led 12-nation trade pact, which excludes China. That agreement will reaffirm the rules-based liberal world order in the Asia-Pacific region.

 The U.S. Congress’s decision last week to grant President Obama fast-track authority to conclude the trans-Pacific trade pact is timely. Prime Minister Shinzo Abe must now take advantage of his approaching trip to the United States to convince the Obama administration to finalize the agreement and then to join the A.I.I.B.

Posted by 大沼安史 at 10:16 午前 |