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2011-03-17

〔重要NEWS〕 IAEA 日本政府に2008年に警告 「地震対策時代遅れ、重大な問題を引き起こす」 ウィキリークス機密電で明るみに 英紙がスクープ報道 

 英紙デイリー・テレグラム紙は、IAEAが2008年12月時点で日本政府側に、「日本の原発の地震対策は時代遅れのものになっており、重大な問題を引き起こす」と警告していたことを明らかにした。

 同紙は、ウィキリークスが入手した米国務省の機密電を閲覧し、機密電の内容を確認した上で報道した。

 このIAEAの警告に対して日本側は、「フクシマ」に関していえば、「緊急対応センター」を建てただけで済ませ、抜本的な対策を怠っていた。

 IAEAは、日本の原発は過去35年の間、地震対策を3回しか行っていない、とも指摘している。

 国務省機密電は、こうも報告している。

 「また、IAEAの報告者は、日本で最近、いくつかの原発の設計基準を超える地震が起きており、地震安全対策を急務になっている」

 「日本政府は裁判所の原発運転終始命令に抵抗し……判決を覆すことに成功しいぇいる」

 「日本の核燃料リサイクル型の新型炉に対し、地元で不安が広がっている」

 テレグラフ紙の記事は、本ブログで紹介した河野太郎衆議院議員に官僚、業界批判の国務省電についても報じている。

 ⇒ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/wikileaks/8384059/Japan-earthquake-Japan-warned-over-nuclear-plants-WikiLeaks-cables-show.html

 大沼:これは大変な問題だ。日本政府の責任が問われよう。
    テレグラブは菅直人について、2009年に科学・技術担当大臣に就任しているので、直接的な責任はない、としている。

 

 以下は、記事の主な関係箇所。

An official from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) said in December 2008 that safety rules were out of date and strong earthquakes would pose a "serious problem" for nuclear power stations.

The Japanese government pledged to upgrade safety at all of its nuclear plants, but will now face inevitable questions over whether it did enough.

While it responded to the warnings by building an emergency response centre at the Fukushima plant, it was only designed to withstand magnitude 7.0 tremors. Friday's devastating earthquake was a magnitude 9.0 shock.

…………

A US embassy cable obtained by the WikiLeaks website and seen by The Daily Telegraph quoted an unnamed expert who expressed concern that guidance on how to protect nuclear power stations from earthquakes had only been updated three times in the past 35 years.

The document states: "He [the IAEA official] explained that safety guides for seismic safety have only been revised three times in the last 35 years and that the IAEA is now re-examining them.

"Also, the presenter noted recent earthquakes in some cases have exceeded the design basis for some nuclear plants, and that this is a serious problem that is now driving seismic safety work."

The cables also disclose how the Japanese government opposed a court order to shut down another nuclear power plant in western Japan because of concerns it could not withstand powerful earthquakes.

The court ruled that there was a possibility local people might be exposed to radiation if there was an accident at the plant, which was built to out of date specifications and only to withstand a "6.5 magnitude" earthquake. Last Friday's earthquake, 81 miles off the shore of Japan, was a magnitude 9.0 tremor.

However, a cable from March 2006 reported that the court's concerns were not shared by the country's nuclear safety agency.

It says: "Japan's Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency believes the reactor is safe and that all safety analyses were appropriately conducted."

The Government successfully overturned the ruling in 2009.

Another cable reported to Washington local concerns that a new generation of Japanese power stations that recycle nuclear fuel were jeopardising safety.

The cable, quoting a local newspaper, reports: "There is something precarious about the way all electric power companies are falling in step with each other under the banner of the national policy. We have seen too many cases of cost reduction competition through heightened efficiency jeopardizing safety."

The cables also disclose how Taro Kono, a high-profile member of Japan's lower house, told US diplomats in October 2008 that the government was "covering up" nuclear accidents.

He alleged that the government was ignoring alternative forms of energy, such as wind power.

The cable states: "He also accused METI [the Ministry of Economy, Trade, and Industry] of covering up nuclear accidents, and obscuring the true costs and problems associated with the nuclear industry." He added that the Japan's "extensive seismic" activity raised safety concerns about storing nuclear material.

Mr Kan was not in office at the time the nuclear warnings were made. He became science and technology minister in 2009 and prime minister in June 2010.

Posted by 大沼安史 at 09:07 午前 |

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